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Team Member
Andriushenko Vladislav

Alter Executive Director


Andryushchenko Vladislav, a Managing Partner at ALTER, Advisor to Kyiv IT Cluster, has expertise in tax law, contract law, migration law, and intellectual property law. Vladislav has worked with clients from Japan, the UAE, Serbia, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Estonia, USA, Great Britain, Turkey, and Italy, ready to help with business support, tax optimization, registration of a company opening accounts in international banks and payment systems, support the development of agreements for the company's activities in Ukraine and abroad, protect intellectual property rights. Principles: Effectiveness and trust.

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1. Development of agreements and bilingual contracts
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2. Tax optimization


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But that is just one little part of our work

Our philosophy



Nagamatsu Magobei
Nataly Veremeeva

Head of Supervisory Board of Kyiv IT Cluster
Director at TechUkraine

Alter is a great legal support and one of our oldest and most trusted partners for Kyiv IT Cluster NGO and community. The help we have received so far is enormous. Professional and very helpful. Thank you, Alter Team. We are happy to stay your partners and grow together.

Imanol Einstein
Hiroschi Shibata

CEO, Ago-ra IT Consulting
Ukrainian branch manager, Neolab Ukraine

I have been working with Alter since early 2019 and since then, they have been providing me the best possible legal support and numerous useful advices. Being a foreign business owner myself in Ukraine, many of what I have achieved thus far would not have been possible without their detailed and prompt legal assistance. I hope to continue our already well-established partnership going forward.

Nagamatsu Magobei
Igor Arkhypenko


I enjoyed working with the Alter team. They provide very professional services and give competent advice for different legal points, and our company is looking forward to long term cooperation. Thanks a lot for your legal support. Strongly recommend.


饾棭饾棞饾棪饾棓 饾棗 饾棓饾棧饾棧饾棢饾棞饾棖饾棓饾棫饾棞饾棦饾棥

According to Ukraine鈥檚 Visa Rules all applicants should provide the 饾棾饾椉饾椆饾椆饾椉饾槃饾椂饾椈饾棿 饾棻饾椉饾棸饾槀饾椇饾棽饾椈饾榿饾榾 in order to apply for their visa: 饾煭) a passport document that should meet the following requirements: - be valid for at least 3 months after the intended date of departure from the territory of Ukraine; - have at least 2 free pages; - be valid for no more than 10 years; 饾煯) a filled in and signed visa application form. 饾煰) one applicant`s color photograph 35 * 45 mm; 饾煱) a valid medical/travel insurance policy with coverage of at least 30,000 euros or equivalent in another currency, unless otherwise provided by law or international treaties of Ukraine. Holders of diplomatic/service passports are exempt from this requirement; 饾煴) documents confirming the availability of sufficient financial support for the period of the planned stay and for returning to the state of origin or transit to a third state or the possibility to obtain sufficient financial support legally in the territory of Ukraine in accordance with the Procedure for Providing Sufficient Funds by Foreigners and Stateless Persons Entering, Staying in, Transiting through or Leaving Ukraine approved by the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine no.884 of 4 December 2013. For example, bank statement for 2 recent months, cash in Ukrainian hryvnia/other convertible currency, bank cards along with current/savings account balance statements provided the bank cards can be cashed in Ukraine, hotel/accommodation booking, letter from the applicant鈥檚 employer/sponsor confirming their coverage of applicant鈥檚 expenses in Ukraine, a return/transit ticket etc. Holders of diplomatic/service passports are exempt from this requirement; 饾煵) a document confirming the payment of the consular fee, unless otherwise provided by the legislation or international agreements of Ukraine. Ukraine鈥檚 Embassies/Consulates abroad charge $饾煵饾煴.饾煬饾煬 (basic visa fee) for processing visa applications via regular service. In addition to the abovementioned documents, a document confirming the purpose of the trip to Ukraine (depending on the type of visa applied for) is to be provided. For 饾椆饾椉饾椈饾棿-饾榿饾棽饾椏饾椇 (饾棗 饾榿饾槅饾椊饾棽) 饾槂饾椂饾榾饾棶饾榾 this may be one of the following: - a certified copy of the work permit for foreigners and stateless persons. Foreigners / stateless persons exempt from the requirement to obtain a work permit in order to be employed in Ukraine are to provide a copy of the work contract. Persons of Ukrainian descent are to provide their certificate of a person of Ukrainian descent and a copy of the work contract. - a copy of the immigration permit issued by a local office of Ukraine鈥檚 State Migration Service; - document(s) confirming that the applicant is a family member of a foreigner/stateless person who has been granted refuge/temporary protection in Ukraine. Certificates issued by foreign countries should be apostilled (legalized) and translated into Ukrainian as well as duly certified; - invitation letter issued by a relevant Ukraine鈥檚 state authority/entity/organization which is a recipient of international technical assistance project as well as a confirmation of the registration of the relevant international technical assistance project; - invitation letter issued by a religious organization duly registered in Ukraine for a long-term performance of religious/missionary/canonical activities accompanied by a letter issued by Ukraine鈥檚 state authority which has registered that religious organization (e.g. Ukraine鈥檚 Ministry for Culture / Department on Religious Matters of the relevant regional or city state administration); - invitation letter issued by a foreign non-governmental organization (branch / office) duly registered in Ukraine; - invitation letter issued by a foreign company duly registered in Ukraine; - invitation letter issued by a branch of a foreign bank registered in Ukraine; - invitation letter issued by a branch of a foreign Mass Media duly registered in Ukraine with a request to issue a visa to the Mass Media staff member; - official letter/verbal note issued by a relevant foreign state authority/foreign diplomatic mission/international organization (office) with a request to issue a long-term visa to the mission/organization (office) staff member as well as her/his family members; - invitation letter issued by Ukraine鈥檚 relevant government authority which implements respective cultural, educational, scientific, sport or volunteering programs or an invitation letter issued by an entity/institution/organization engaging volunteers in their activities accompanied by the copy of that entity/institution/organization鈥檚 state registration certificate; - document(s) confirming that the applicant is a family member of a foreigner/stateless person residing in Ukraine upon a temporary residence permit accompanied by a copy of that foreigner/stateless person鈥檚 temporary residence permit as well as proof of that foreigner/stateless person鈥檚 sufficient funds to cover applicant鈥檚 expenses in Ukraine. Certificates issued by foreign countries should be apostilled (legalized) and translated into Ukrainian as well as duly certified; - other documents (if stipulated by Ukraine鈥檚 international treaties).


饾棢饾椂饾椇饾椂饾榿饾棽饾棻 饾棢饾椂饾棶饾棷饾椂饾椆饾椂饾榿饾槅 饾棖饾椉饾椇饾椊饾棶饾椈饾槅 饾棩饾棽饾棿饾椂饾榾饾榿饾椏饾棶饾榿饾椂饾椉饾椈

LLC is the most popular form of business structure in Ukraine. 饾棧饾椏饾棽-饾椏饾棽饾棿饾椂饾榾饾榿饾椏饾棶饾榿饾椂饾椉饾椈 饾棶饾椏饾椏饾棶饾椈饾棿饾棽饾椇饾棽饾椈饾榿饾榾: 饾煭. Deciding on a proper name of a future company. It cannot be similar to the name of the other company. 饾煯. Choosing legal address for the company. It must be registered in Ukraine in order for the company to conduct business. It can be place of rent or legal address for company can be bought. 饾煰. Choosing appropriate economic activities under the Classification of Types of Economic Activity. There should be one main activity and other additional types. 饾煱. Deciding on the number of shareholders. Law does not limit the number of shareholders. All shareholders must be listed in the Charter. 饾煴. Deciding on share capital. No minimum share capital specified by law. Allocation of shares to the members according to their contribution to capital. 饾煵. Drafting a Charter of LLC. It includes provisions on incorporation of the company, its activities, governance, and dissolution. 饾煶. Holding a meeting of members of LLC. During the meeting the decision on incorporation is made, charter is approved, director and representative are chosen, and responsible individuals for state registration are appointed. The outcomes of the meeting take form in the Minutes of the General Meeting of Members. If there is only one founder, the above mentioned document is called the Decision of the Founder. Note that if director is a foreign citizen, he must obtain work permit and temporary residence permit. 饾煷. Drafting application on registration of the company. 9. Obtaining tax id for non resident and translation of passport. 10. Hiring Ukrainian director till non-resident won鈥檛 get work permit to obtain position of director. 饾棩饾棽饾棿饾椂饾榾饾榿饾椏饾棶饾榿饾椂饾椉饾椈: 饾棪饾榿饾棽饾椊 饾煭. 饾棧饾椏饾棽饾椊饾棶饾椏饾椂饾椈饾棿 饾椈饾棽饾棸饾棽饾榾饾榾饾棶饾椏饾槅 饾棻饾椉饾棸饾槀饾椇饾棽饾椈饾榿饾榾. 饾棩饾棽饾椌饾槀饾椂饾椏饾棽饾棻 饾棻饾椉饾棸饾槀饾椇饾棽饾椈饾榿饾榾 饾棾饾椉饾椏 饾椏饾棽饾棿饾椂饾榾饾榿饾椏饾棶饾榿饾椂饾椉饾椈: 路 Application for registration. 路 Application for choosing the type of taxation system. For example the simplified taxation system. 路 Original (or notarized copy) of the Minutes of the General Meeting of Members or the Decision of the Founder. 路 Two originals of the Charter of LLC. 路 Authorized copy of the passport of the founder. 路 Authorized copy of the tax ID number of the founder. 路 List of types of economic activities of the future company. 路 Power of Attorney, if registration is performed by a representative. 饾棓饾棻饾棻饾椂饾榿饾椂饾椉饾椈饾棶饾椆 饾棻饾椉饾棸饾槀饾椇饾棽饾椈饾榿饾榾 饾椏饾棽饾椌饾槀饾椂饾椏饾棽饾棻 饾棾饾椉饾椏 饾棾饾椉饾椏饾棽饾椂饾棿饾椈 饾椂饾椈饾棻饾椂饾槂饾椂饾棻饾槀饾棶饾椆饾榾-饾棾饾椉饾槀饾椈饾棻饾棽饾椏饾榾: 路 Authorized copy of the passport. 路 Authorized copy of the individual tax ID number, issued for a foreign citizen, which is compulsory for conducting business in Ukraine. 路 Power of Attorney, if registration is performed by a representative. Additional documents required for foreign legal entities-founders: 路 reference from the Company Register or other document issued by government authorities from the host country of the entity. 路 Originals of the Memorandum and Articles of Incorporation or the Company Charter or the Company Constitution. 路 Authorized copy of the Decision on appointing the legal entity a founder of a new company. 路 Power of Attorney if registration is performed by a representative. All documents must be filed in Ukrainian, and foreign documents must be legalized or apostatized. If documents compiled in other language than Ukrainian, a certified translation has to be provided. 饾棪饾榿饾棽饾椊 饾煯. Filing the documents for the LLC registration with the State Registry of Legal Entities, Private Entrepreneurs and Public Formation. You will receive a document containing description of filed documents and application filling number with what you can check the status of the registration on website of the Companies Register. 饾棪饾榿饾棽饾椊 饾煰. After successful registration of LLC you obtain an Reference, the so called Company Profile, from the Companies Register confirming registration of LLC through the Registration Portal. You can also obtain a paper copy of this document. 饾棪饾榿饾棽饾椊 饾煱. Ordering a company seal. Copy of reference about registration of the LLC is required for the seal-making company. However, seal is not strictly required by law. 饾棪饾榿饾棽饾椊 饾煴. Registering LLC with the tax authorities by filing necessary application with the relevant office corresponding to the registered address of the company. 饾棪饾榿饾棽饾椊 饾煵. Registering LLC with the tax authorities responsible for administration of social security tax on hiring each employee. 饾棪饾榿饾棽饾椊 饾煶. Opening bank account for LLC company. 饾棪饾榿饾棽饾椊 饾煷. Making contributions in full to the share capital by all shareholders with respect to their individual shares. It must be done within 6 months period upon LLC registration. 饾棪饾榿饾棽饾椊 饾煹. Establishing accounting policy of the company and appointing an individual responsible to conduct accounting on behalf of the company. There is no administrative fee for registration of LLC company. The decision on registration is made within 24 hours. Terms of registration: 3 days. Opening bank account 5 days. Term of getting tax id - 1 week. Work permit if non resident wants to obtain position of Director and get visa he needs to get work permit. Work permit can be provide for 1 year or 3 years. Government fee for 1 year - 350 EUR, for 3 years - 470 EUR. Law firm fee is 300 EUR. Term of service: 2-3 weeks On basis of work permit non resident can obtain Visa d and temporary residency permit for 1-3 years with possibility to renew. Obtaining visa D will take 3-10 days Temporary residency permit (TRP) TRP gives right for non-resident to stay in Ukraine more than 90 days. On basis of TRP non-resident can stay in Ukraine for 1 - 3 years. Fee for TRP is 500 EUR (including registration address for non-resident) Term of service: 3 weeks. Costs: Registration of company : 300 EUR. Legal address 150 EUR (for 1 year). Tax id 100 EUR. Work permit: 300 EUR. Government fee for work permit: 300 - 400 EUR (depends on term of permit). Temporary residency permit: 400 EUR. Registration address for non-resident 150 EUR (for 1 year). Notary services: 300 EUR ( for 1 founder non-resident). Expenses for Ukrainian director and for changing director: 300 EUR Total cost: 2 200 EUR.


What do you need to know about the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy

It is difficult to imagine a website or mobile application that does not have the Terms of Use or Privacy Policy. Although the Terms of Use / Terms and Conditions / User Agreement are not required by law, you (your company) are required to have the Privacy Policy in accordance with the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). The GDPR applies to your company if it is registered in the EU or operates in the EU, or gets access to the data of citizens, residents, and other persons located in the EU in the course of its business activities. Why do you need such policies at all? Policies are designed to explain to the user the principles of operation and use of the website/application, to warn and inform about the collection of user鈥檚 personal data and, ultimately, to protect the company by including the necessary exemptions. The policies should be written in simple, user-friendly language. The Terms of Use is a contract between you (your) company and the user which sets out your mutual rights and obligations regarding the use of the website/application. What should be written in the Terms of Use? 1. The unconditional consent of the user with ALL provisions of the Terms of Use in order to use the website or application. That is, the user's use of the website or application is based on his full agreement with your rules: accessed the website / installed the application 鈥 the user agrees; the user does not agree 鈥 shall leave the website / delete the application. 2. Information about your company (you) (the company that supports the website or application, if available): legal information, address, contact phone number. 3. Term of validity and amendment procedure of the Terms of Use: the date of entry into force and the date of the last update must be indicated. 4. Rules to follow when using the website/application. These may also be age restrictions, the prohibition of profanity or interference with the website/application, etc. and related sanctions 鈥 access restriction, account deletion, etc. 5. Description of functionality, services, and features available to the users. Including the full and detailed information on account registration / purchase of goods / delivery / return / exchange / provision of services; upload / deletion of content by the users, etc. 6. Pricing and Payment terms 鈥 if applicable. 7. Warnings about the use of third-party services 鈥 you are not responsible for their work/problems with the users. For example, these are payment and other aggregators or any websites/services links to which are contained on your website / in your application. 8. Disclaimer regarding the operation of the website/application/provision of services on an 鈥淎s Is鈥 and 鈥淎s Available鈥 basis. It is used to ensure that the user accepted the software and services in their present state and condition and, therefore, should not have any claims concerning the inconsistency of such operation with his/her expectations. 9. Provisions on granting the user a limited, non-exclusive, revocable, and non-transferable license to access and use the website/application/services/content for non-commercial purposes and on revoking such license (if the user violates terms of the license or other provisions of the Terms of Use). 10. Intellectual Property rights: All content, logos, designs, images, texts, all services and other materials posted on the website / in the application belong to your company (you) or other relevant rightsholders. Copying, commercial use, modification, or distribution of such materials should be prohibited. Similarly, all content that users upload to your website/application belongs to them, your company (you) may use it on the basis of a license provided by the user (the provisions as for the license must be written separately). 11. Disclaimers: The company (you) shall not be liable for any damages to users caused by the use of your website/application, especially for misuse; restrictions on the payment of any compensation (usually within the amount paid by the user to the company); force majeure, etc. 12. The Dispute Resolution regulations are the negotiation clause (contact details of the person/department responsible for resolving such situations on your part), the choice of arbitration, and the prohibition of litigation and group and representative actions or any other restrictions. 13. Terms of collection and processing of the users鈥 personal information 鈥 it may be a brief statement in the Terms of Use followed by a link to the separate Privacy Policy document. 14. Termination of the Terms of Use (termination of services, account deletion, restriction of access) between the user and your company (you) due to various reasons, including the violation of conditions by the user. 15. 16. What should be written in the Privacy Policy? 1. Contact information of your company or the company that collects and processes the user data for you. 2. Term of validity and amendment procedure of the Privacy Policy: the effective date or the date of the last update should be indicated. 3. Legal basis for collecting confidential information: the user agrees with the provisions of the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy when accesses the website/downloads the application / starts using the services/clicks on the "Agree / Accept" button (if such functionality is available). The "Agree / Accept" button is strongly recommended, especially if your company is registered in the EU. 4. Purpose of collecting confidential information: for the operation of the website/application, for the provision of services, for analytics, etc. 5. Type of confidential data (name, e-mail address, postal address, phone number, payment information, etc.), as well as other information (IP address, location, type and settings of the browser, device type, operating system, etc.) which is collected, and information on how it is used/processed. 6. Cookies Information (this may be a separate document or part of the Privacy Policy). Firstly, there must be a definition of Cookies; the specified purpose of their installation; an indication of the types of Cookies that are set, and information on how they are used. Secondly, you (you company) must obtain clear consent from the user 鈥 for example, with a help of a banner with a button by clicking on which the user allows or refuses to accept Cookies (such cookies, the absence of which does not interfere with the operation of the website/application). 7. Whether the confidential information is transferred to third parties (for example, to relevant authorities as prescribed by the law or to the third-party services such as Google Analytics) or to the third countries, if so, what methods of protection are used for such transfer. 8. The rights that users have in relation to their confidential information, in particular the right to delete such information at their request, the right to revoke their consent to the collection of such information, etc. 9. Security measures taken to protect confidential information. 10. The period for which the information is stored and what happens to the information after such period: for example, stored in databases for 6 months, then deleted. So, the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy are designed to make the use of websites/applications / online services easier for the users and, at the same time, to protect the owner of such websites/applications / online services against possible problems, such as lawsuits and claims from the users, fines for violations in the field of collection and processing of the confidential information and related information in accordance with the GDPR (maximum possible fine 鈥 20 million euros or 4% of total turnover for the last financial year). Therefore, the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy are essential for every online business.


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